Treating Syncope: Prevention

Syncope is also known as fainting or "passing out." It's a condition that causes a temporary loss of consciousness. There are many possible causes of syncope. But it's usually related to a short-term (temporary) decrease of blood flow to the brain. Some causes of fainting include non-life-threatening conditions such as dehydration, overheating, or excessive sweating. More serious conditions include blood flow obstructions and arrhythmias. Some medicines can also cause fainting. Unless your fainting is caused by a heart problem, you can do things to prevent it. And you can learn to respond to your body’s warning signs.


For your safety and the safety of others, limit your driving as instructed. Don't operate heavy machinery. Also be careful not to do activities that could cause injury if you lose consciousness. Ask your healthcare provider what activities are safe for you.

If you feel faint

  • Know the warning signs of fainting: weakness, nausea, dimmed vision, tunnel vision, sweating, feeling flushed or warm, dizziness, lightheadedness, or a fast heartbeat.

  • Don’t ignore or fight any signs that you may faint.

  • Lie down until you feel better and elevate your feet, if possible.

Woman relaxing in chair with eyes closed.

Small changes make a big difference

  • If you are in a conference, auditorium, or group setting such as a movie theater or play, sit near the aisle so you can leave if you feel faint.

  • Get up slowly after you have been lying down.

  • If prescribed, wear special stockings to keep blood from pooling in your legs.

  • If directed, add salt to your food to raise your blood pressure. Don’t skip meals.

  • Don’t stand for long periods of time. Shift your weight over your legs while standing. Shop when lines are short.

  • Don't lock your knees when you stand.
  • Drink water often, especially when exercising during hot weather.

  • Ask your healthcare provider if it is safe for you to drink alcohol, as this can cause syncope in some people.

  • Discuss any symptoms you may have with your healthcare provider to determine the cause.

The role of medicine

Medicines sometimes can play a role in both causing and preventing syncope.

Your medicines may be changed or reduced. Blood pressure medicine may cause fainting. Certain combinations of medicines may also make you faint. And some nonprescription medicines, herbs, and teas may cause symptoms, too. Tell your healthcare provider about any medicine you’re taking and if you started using any new ones recently.

Medicines may be prescribed. Taking certain medicines can help prevent fainting. Your healthcare provider can discuss these with you.

Don't use illegal or recreational drugs. These can worsen your risk factors or interfere with prescribed medicines that your healthcare provider has given you.